Reading and Sending Mail

October 7th, 2006 liewsheng Posted in mail, mutt, uuencode | Hits: 35125 | 1 Comment »

In UNIX-like system, mail is the common tool use to sending mail and reading mail. It is simple and easy to use. To read mail for your account just type:

mail

or if you want read in mail in specific dir

mail -f /var/mail/user

to send a mail:

mail user < /tmp/file.log
echo "This is sample mail" | mail -s "Sample" user

'-s' switch is use to specify the subject you want to send.

How about sending a attachment? This will need another program call 'uuencode' which will encode the binary to a ASCII code:

uuencode file.bzip2 file | mail user

'uuencode' is will take 2 argument to work, the 1st is file name need to encode and the 2nd argument just a redundancy argument to allow 'uuencode' to send to stdout (indeed the screen). But the problem is that the file send out would be not able to download, so 'mutt' come to rescue ;p

'mutt' also as easy as 'mail', to read mail just enter:

mutt

or

mutt -f /var/mail/user

but 'mutt' is much easy to use to send a attachment:

mutt -s "Sample" -a /file/path/file user@local.com < /tmp/msg

same like 'mail' : '-s' is the subject switch to specify a subject of the mail, '-a' is the attachment want to send. The last argument is the email address want to send, for the < /tmp/msg is the message body you want to sent to user@local.com.

If the /tmp/msg is not specify 'mutt' will wait for user to enter the message. /tmp/msg must be a file, so what I think is 'mutt' will only take in the file not any I/O input.

If you don't want to use the 'mutt', there have a another way to send a attachment using 'sendmail'. But if using 'sendmail' you will need to specify the MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) standard header. For more detail can go to Sending Attachment using mutt and sendmail.

One Response to “Reading and Sending Mail”

  1. Not really need a file,

    mutt  -s "Sample" -a /file/path/file user@local.com <<< "This is a sample mail" 

    It works this way too.

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